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Updated on March 14, 1998
In 1991 the state was considering a beginning teacher evaluation program and the Michigan Assn. of Colleges for Teacher Education was simultaneously considering how to provide an induction program. The demonstration of the concern of practitioners for the beginners entering their ranks broadened the conversation about state policy regarding a beginning teacher program for Michigan.
In 1993 the Michigan Legislature in Section 1526 of PA 335 mandated the New Teacher Induction/Teacher Mentoring Program. To respond to the mandate to "develop induction/mentoring processes which are supported by research as being best practice" the State Dept. of Education convened a state-wide conference in May 1994 which drew representatives from over thirty professional organizations and universities. The conference was keynoted by Dr. Sandra Odell, a well known expert in mentoring. These participants worked in focus groups and developed a set of guidelines and recommendations for mentoring/induction program design and implementation which built on the best practices in mentoring.
The NTI/TMP was amended by PA 289 section 1526 and was adopted by the State Board of Education on August 11, 1994, which began to take initial implementation steps right away. Full implementation was expected state-wide by 1996. This program addressed the first three years of a teacher's career and requires a mentor and 15 days of professional development over the three years. The purposes of the program are to support novice teachers, to increase the retention of excellent teachers, and to improve instruction of students. The focus of the program is on the learning and development of both the mentors and the novice teachers working with the mentor. The program specifically advises against using mentoring to evaluate the novice teacher.
On August 19, 1994, one week after adoption of the program, the state published "Guidelines and Recommendations for the New Teacher Induction/Teacher Mentoring Process in Michigan" to inform the development of these programs by local districts. This publication was the actual work done at the induction conference 3 months earlier. This 18 page document includes a position statement on mentoring and induction, guiding principles, criteria and a process for mentor selection, preparation for the mentor role, a list of "core experiences" needed by new teachers, and a section on monitoring and evaluating the processes and programs.The "Guidelines" (1994) and can be obtained from the MDE. A copy of the MDE annual reporting form is also available. Like many other states, Michigan did an excellent job of writing about and highlighting best practices in mentoring and induction, but unfortunately, Michigan did not provide any financial support to enable districts to actually do the work of developing induction programs, training mentors, or providing released time to do any mentoring.
The Office of Professional Preparation and Certification Services at the Michigan Department of Education, is the unit charged with assuring school district compliance with the state induction requirements. They also provide technical assistance, workshops on mentoring, and guidelines (mentioned above) for the districts and Intermediate School Districts (service centers) which work within the program.
Contact Carolyn Logan, Director, Office of Professional Preparation and Certification Services, Michigan Department of Education, at 517-335-6505 or at <>. The address is PO Box 30008, Lansing, MI 48909
If you are aware of incorrect statements in this material OR if you can add authoritative new information concerning mentoring and induction in the various United States, please contact Barry Sweeny with that information. His e-mail is
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